1. Does a man go through menopause?

Yes, a man goes through menopause, but to a different extent than a woman. Menopause is a term used to describe the end of a woman’s fertility. It literally means the end of your period. Female menopause is characterized by changes in the production of hormones. Male testes, unlike female ovaries, do not lose the ability to make hormones. A healthy man may be able to produce sperm until he is 80 years of age or older.

On the other hand, subtle changes in testicular function can occur as early as 45-50 years old, and more significantly after 70 years. Since men do not go through a separate period of male menopause, some doctors refer to this as androgen (testosterone) deficiency in aging men (ADAM). Men generally experience a drop in testosterone production as a result of aging, but this can also be linked to certain conditions like diabetes.

It is not known whether the decreasing function of the testes contributes to symptoms such as fatigue, weakness, depression, decreased sexual desire, or impotence. If testosterone levels are low, replacing this hormone can help relieve them. However, replacing male hormones can make prostate cancer and high cholesterol worse. Talk to your doctor to see if hormone therapy is right for you.

2. How often should a woman have a pelvic exam and Pap test?

A Pap test is recommended for women 21 years of age and older. The American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology recommends routine screening for women aged 21 to 65 every three years. More frequent Pap tests may be needed if an abnormal test result is found or if you have a high risk of cervical cancer.

Combining a Porridge human papillomavirus test (HPV) can safely extend the interval between Cervical cancer screenings three to five years in many women between the ages of 30 and 65, according to the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF).

Also according to USPSTF guidelines, HPV testing is not recommended for women in their 20s because people in this age group can have HPV infections that resolve without treatment.

Women over 65 can stop getting tested if they’ve had at least three consecutive negative Pap tests or at least two negative HPV tests in the past 10 years, according to the guidelines. But some women with a history of precancerous abnormality should continue to be screened for at least 20 years.

And women of all ages who have had a hysterectomy with cervical removal and no history of cervical cancer or precancerous abnormalities do not need to be screened, as directed.

3. What are the benefits and risks of circumcision?

Circumcision in newborn boys for medical or health reasons is an issue that continues to be debated. In 2012, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) reported that circumcision has potential medical benefits and benefits, as well as risks. Existing scientific evidence is not sufficient to recommend routine circumcision. Therefore, since the procedure is not essential to the current well-being of a child, we recommend that the decision to circumcise best be made by parents in consultation with their pediatrician, taking into account what is in the best interests of the child, including medical. , religious, cultural and ethnic traditions.

Male circumcision can also make it easier to keep the tip of the penis clean, although studies have shown that good hygiene can help prevent certain problems with an uncircumcised penis, including infections and swelling. Plus, using a condom during sex will help prevent sexually transmitted diseases and other infections.

As with most medical procedures, circumcision comes with risks. These include:

  • Pain
  • Risk of bleeding and infection at the circumcision site
  • Irritation of the glans
  • Increased risk of meatitis (inflammation of the opening of the penis)
  • Risk of injury to the penis

4. Is vaginal discharge normal?

A woman normally produces a vaginal discharge which is generally described as clear or slightly cloudy, non-irritating and odorless. During the normal menstrual cycle, the amount and consistency of discharge may vary. At one time of the month, there may be a small amount of a very thin or watery discharge; and at another time, a thicker and more extensive discharge may appear. All of these excretions can be considered normal.

A discharge from the vagina that has an odor or is irritating is generally considered abnormal discharge. The irritation may be itching or burning, or both. Itching can be present at any time of the day, but it is often more bothersome at night. These symptoms are often made worse by intercourse. It is important to see your gynecologist if there has been a change in the amount, color or smell of the discharge.

5. Is hormone replacement therapy for menopause bad for women?

There has been a lot of debate within the scientific community regarding hormone replacement therapy, or HRT. In general, hormone therapy is believed to maintain bone health after menopause, in addition to relieving symptoms of menopause. But, like all treatments, there can be harmful side effects, including an increased risk of endometrial (uterine) cancer and breast cancer.

Hormone replacement therapy is not for everyone. Talk to your doctor to see if hormone therapy is right for you.

6. Can a woman get pregnant while breastfeeding?

Yes. Even though breastfeeding can stop or delay your period, you can still get pregnant. Ovulation will happen before you start having your period again, so follow your doctor’s recommendations on the correct birth control method to use.

7. Can a hysterectomy cause sexual problems for a woman?

Some women may experience changes in sexual function after a hysterectomy (surgical removal of the uterus). These changes can include loss of desire, decreased vaginal lubrication, and genital sensations. Additionally, surgery can damage nerves and blood vessels considered essential for a woman’s sexual functioning.

8. Can a person with syphilis transmit the disease?

Yes. Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease. A person with syphilis can spread the infection during the first two stages of the disease. If you come in contact with an open wound (first stage) or a rash (second stage), you can catch the bacteria that cause the infection. If the bacteria enter your body through an opening such as your penis, anus, vagina, mouth, or broken skin, you can get syphilis.

If a person has had syphilis for more than two years, it is unlikely that they can spread the disease. Don’t take any chances. Use a lubricated condom during sex.

9. How do people get HIV?

A person contracts HIV when body fluids from an infected person (blood, semen, vaginal fluids, or breast milk) enter their bloodstream. The virus can enter the bloodstream through the mucous membranes of the mouth, anus, or sexual organs (penis and vagina) or through broken skin.

Both men and women can transmit HIV. A person who is HIV positive may feel well and continue to pass the virus on to others. Pregnant women with HIV can also pass the virus on to their babies.

Common ways to get HIV:

  • Sharing a needle to take drugs
  • Having unprotected sex with an infected person

You cannot get HIV from:

  • Touching or hugging someone who has HIV / AIDS
  • Public bathrooms or swimming pools
  • Sharing cups, utensils or phones with someone living with HIV / AIDS
  • Insect bites

10. Is it okay to use petroleum jelly as a lubricant with a latex condom?

No. Use only water-based lubricants, such as KY Jelly, with condoms. Oil-based lubricants, such as petroleum jelly, can weaken the condom and break it.

11. What should women do when they forget their birth control pills?

If you forget to take a birth control pill, take it as soon as you remember. If you don’t remember until the next day, go ahead and take two pills that day. If you forget to take your pills for two days, take two pills the day you remember and two pills the next day. You will then be back on time. If you miss more than two tablets, call your health care provider for instructions. These instructions may be to take one pill a day until Sunday, then start a new pack, or throw away the rest of the pack of pills and start over with a new pack on the same day.

Each time you forget to take a pill, you should use another form of birth control until you have finished the pack of pills. When you forget to take a birth control pill, you increase the chances of releasing an egg from your ovary. However, if you forget to take any of the last seven pills out of the 28 days, you will not increase your chances of pregnancy because these pills only contain inactive ingredients. If you miss your period and forgot to take one or more pills, take a pregnancy test. If you miss two periods when you have taken all of your pills on time, you should have a pregnancy test.

12. Can a woman get pregnant using the birth control withdrawal method?

Withdrawing before a man ejaculates, known as the withdrawal method, is not a foolproof method of birth control. Some ejaculate (liquid containing semen) can be released before the man reaches his climax. Additionally, some men may not be willing or able to retire in time.