Most men have at least one episode of inability to get an erection when they want to. In extreme cases, they may be unable to get or maintain an erection. Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a common problem in men with diabetes that affects 35 to 75 percent of men with diabetes. Up to 75 percent of men with diabetes will experience some degree of erectile dysfunction (erection problems) in their lifetime. What is the connection between ED and type 2 diabetes?
Why is this happening?
When men become sexually aroused, hormones, muscles, nerves, and blood vessels all work together to create an erection.
Nerve signals, sent from the brain to the penis, stimulate muscle relaxation.
This, in turn, allows blood to flow to the tissues of the penis.
Once blood fills the penis and an erection is achieved, the blood vessels to the penis close so that the erection is maintained.
After sexual arousal, the blood vessels to the penis open again, allowing blood to flow out.
However, in men with type 2 diabetes, this process is not completely completed due to the blood sugar abnormalities present.
A study from the Brady Urological Institute at Johns Hopkins analyzed how excess blood sugar could be a major cause of erectile dysfunction in men with diabetes.
Researchers have found that a particular simple sugar, present in increased levels in diabetics, interferes with the chain of events necessary to achieve and maintain an erection and can lead to permanent damage to the penis over time.
Previous studies have also shown that diabetic erectile dysfunction is in part due to an interruption in an enzyme that triggers the chain of vascular events ultimately leading to an erection.
Studies show that men with diabetes often have reduced testosterone levels, which can affect their libido.
However, the main sexual health problem affecting men with diabetes is the inability to get or maintain an erection, known as erectile dysfunction.
In order for a man to have an erection, there must be significant blood flow to the penis. However, diabetes damages blood vessels, which can affect blood flow to the penis.
Diabetes can also cause nerve damage and make it harder to maintain an erection.
In many cases, yes, erectile dysfunction can be reversed.
In fact, a study published in the Journal of Sexual Medicine found a 29% remission rate after five years.
It’s important to note that even when erectile dysfunction cannot be cured, the right treatment can reduce or eliminate symptoms, Medical News Today said.
The health site added, âErectile dysfunction is usually treatable with medication or surgery.
âHowever, a person may be able to treat the underlying cause and reverse the symptoms without medication.
âThe best treatment can depend on the person. “